Unlucky Friday 13th-
comes from the Knights Templar history in France when the Pope rounded up all Knights Templars and accused them of heresy. The Pope dissolved the order in 1312.
The Biscuit - comes from Knights Templar history- from the time of the crusade where the Knights Templar would make a large flat bread and bake it twice to prevent it from going moldy. It was an adaptation from the unleavened bread used in the Eucharist and is used today by the Culdee priests who are he origin of the Templar Priesthood.
According to Historical records the Order of the Knights of the Temple of Jerusalem was originally founded in 1118 by Hugo de Payens and Godfrey de St. Omar, who persuaded King Baldwin I of Jerusalem to allow them to establish themselves and their companions in the Royal Palace. The Palace was situated on the site of the Al'Aqsa Mosque, rumored to be the Temple of Solomon, this is reputed to be where the title Templar originated.
The 12th Century Order originally consist of three classes:
Knights who had to be of Noble birth, or were knighted by the Grand Master for chivalry conduct. Knights would wear a Bronze Ring Sergeants who were drawn from the middle classes and were the grooms. Stewards of the Order and the Clerics who were the Chaplains taking charge of the nonmilitary aspects of the Order.
The Emblem of the Knights was a Red Cross on a white background with the Sergeants having a Red Cross on a black background. These classes were later extended to five with a Knightly Class consisting of Knights joining either for a set period of time (to fulfill a Quest) or who were in their advancing years and wished to spend their final days as part of the Order; and an additional nonmilitary class composed of the Craftsmen and Artisans necessary for the smooth running of the lands and Estates owned by the Templars.
The Knights Templars are reputed to be the founders of some of the first banks, Bankers of the Levant (encompassing the Holy Land). With the arrival of the Second and Third Crusades, the Templars were perceived in some quarters to have hedged their bets, as they were bankers not only to the local Christian population, but to many of the Saracen Merchants as well. True to the banking profession they took money from anyone wishing to deposit.
The Banking System operated with the Templars taking an agreed charge on all monies held, thus ensuring that the Order never ran out of funds: All parties were satisfied with this arrangement. Any monies subject to international transactions were sent under Templar guard to the nearest Preceptory in the appropriate region. Monies and jewels were thus able to move freely throughout the Levant and Europe with very little risk thus further enhancing the standing of the Knights.
The Trial of Jacques de Molay
After his arrest on 10th October 1307, Jacques de Molay 'confessed' to many things in order to avoid the torture chamber. The trials and the 'confessions' had been proclaimed and public opinion was firmly against the Templars. The only concession the Pope was able to extract from Philip was that all Templar holdings be returned to the Church. Philip conceded this and the property fell into the possession of the Hospitallers.
After much political manipulation the Knights Templars in most of Europe were extinguished and became the victim of politics. Jacques de Molay suffered for seven years in captivity after which he was burnt at the stake on 11th March 1314 along with a number of his former Priors. During the execution he recanted and cursed both the Pope and the King promising they would meet him at the final judgment within the Year: A prophesy which was fulfilled.
MORE AT : http://www.knightstemplar-uk.co.uk/history.html